Miss Phoebe Roberts, “Champion Lady Ju-Jitsu Wrestler of the World”

Phoebe Roberts demonstrates a leg trip and a defensive finger lock.

Alongside Edith Garrud and Emily Diana Watts, Phoebe Roberts (1887-1955) must be accounted as one of the first female jiujitsu instructors in the Western world.  She was certainly the youngest; Miss Roberts began training at the tender age of fifteen, circa 1904. Within a year or two she had started to teach classes at the Japanese School of Jujitsu in Oxford Street, which was operated by former Bartitsu Club instructor Yukio Tani and his colleague, Taro Miyake.

Her costume here is typical of early 20th century women’s jiujitsu attire, featuring a short-sleeved gi jacket tied with a dark sash and bloomer pants over stockings.

A Welshwoman from Blaina, Monmouthshire, her name is also given as Phoebe Laughton Parry, and “Phoebe Roberts” appears to have been a professional pseudonym for her work as a jiujitsu instructress and athlete.

Breaking the opponent’s balance via an arm-lock and palm pressure against the chin and neck.

Miss Roberts also participated in numerous jiujitsu exhibitions circa 1906-08, demonstrating with many of the senior jiujitsuka active in the UK at that time, including Tani and Miyake, Akitaro Ono, Sadakazu Uyenishi and Yuzo Hirano.  She was frequently billed as the “Champion Lady Ju-Jitsu Wrestler of the World”.

An arm- and wrist-lock applied to Yuzo Hirano by the bonneted Miss Roberts.

She eventually married Hirano and the couple settled in Portugal until 1915, when Hirano either died or emigrated to another country.  Phoebe remarried and remained in the city of Lisbon until her second husband died in 1938.  It is believed that she then returned to Wales.

Self-defence against a left-lead punch; Miss Roberts parries the punch and then throws her opponent to the mat.
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